Climate change has become one of the major factors driving disaster risk. Millions of people around Nepal have been affected by extreme weather, floods, landslides, and droughts. Integration of climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) at the local levels is the utmost need to safeguard development efforts.
To ensure the CCA and DRR at a local level, YAE implemented the project entitled Local Adaptation Plans for Action (LAPA) in four local units Naumule RM, Narayan Municipality, Shivalaya RM, and Nalgaad Municipality. This project covered 2 districts Dailekh and Jajarkot of Karnali Province to prepare a Local LAPA of municipalities by adopting a participatory process. The project intended to guide local governments and other stakeholders to mainstream climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction and management in the overall process of development and resource management at the local level.
Plans for adaptive actions are meant to improve the integration between planned and autonomous adaptation, allocate resources to the most vulnerable, and bridge the gap between vulnerability assessment and planning. The LAPA framework is a practical approach to analyzing local climate adaptation planning issues in a way that encourages people’s participation. Taking planning to the local level will be crucial in order to understand, enable and respond to what people actually do in response to the opportunities and constraints they face in the context of climate change. It enables better recognition of the highly differentiated nature of adaptive capacity within the local level itself: differences between households and geographic locations and between age, gender, and ethnic groups can be better accounted for.